If you don’t know what the glenohumeral joint is, you’re not alone. Understanding the different shoulder joints and how to identify the cause of your symptoms is tricky. Still, an expert glenohumeral arthritis specialist will help you find relief and determine the best path to recovery. Residents of Lancaster should look no further than Dr. Michael Bercik and our team at Lancaster Orthopedic Group for their shoulder care needs.

Glenohumeral Arthritis Specialist Lancaster, PADr. Michael Bercik is an award-winning orthopedic shoulder surgeon dedicated to helping his patients achieve their best outcomes. Shoulder pain and restriction can quickly lower the quality of everyday life, and understanding how to promote long-term health is crucial for shoulder movement longevity.

To further his orthopedic skill set, Dr. Michael Bercik completed three fellowships, one of which was under the world-renowned shoulder surgeon Dr. Gilles Walch—widely considered to be one of the most influential shoulder surgeons of our time. These fellowships allowed Dr. Bercik to master advanced techniques for treating arthritis, fractures, and post-traumatic complications, among other shoulder conditions. In addition, by specializing in shoulder and elbow care, Dr. Bercik can dedicate his time and effort to perfecting his craft, giving him the tools to offer his patients creative solutions to complex problems.

What is Glenohumeral Joint Arthritis?

Glenohumeral arthritis is one of the most common types of shoulder arthritis and is seen in up to 20% of people as they age. Glenohumeral arthritis is caused by damage to the cartilage surfaces of the glenohumeral joint, which is the primary joint of the shoulder (the “ball and socket” joint). If you experience this type of arthritis, there are many nonsurgical treatment methods that have the potential to relieve symptoms of pain and stiffness. This includes things like pain medication, physical therapy, and environmental changes. However, surgical intervention (such as shoulder replacement surgery) may be the most effective method for severe cases to relieve discomfort and promote lasting results.

What is the Labrum, and Why is it Important?

The labrum is the disk of cartilage inside the “socket” of the shoulder joint that prevents the humerus (upper arm bone) from running against other bones in the joint. This cartilage is attached to the glenoid and holds the humerus securely in place to prevent instability in the shoulder. In a healthy shoulder, the labrum allows the arm to have an extensive range of movement without pain or instability.

How is Glenohumeral Joint Arthritis Caused?

When the glenoid begins to degenerate, the bones of the glenohumeral joint rub against one another. This friction causes pain and reduces the range of motion of the shoulder joint. In addition, bone spurs can also result from rubbing these bones, which further causes pain, irritation, inflammation, and decreased movement abilities.

Glenohumeral joint arthritis can develop from multiple causes, including (but not limited to):

  • Degeneration over time from wear and tear
  • Fractures
  • Dislocations
  • Prolonged rotator cuff injuries
  • Chronic rotator cuff injuries
  • Chronic inflammation
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Congenital disorders
  • Metabolic conditions
  • Post-surgical complications

If you suspect you may be experiencing glenohumeral joint arthritis, it is essential to speak with a glenohumeral arthritis specialist as soon as possible. This will help to confirm the origin of your symptoms and provide the information needed to develop a plan that reduces discomfort and increases the longevity of your shoulder movement.

Let’s Begin!

Glenohumeral arthritis is best treated by a specialist, and residents of Lancaster have convenient access to high-quality care with Dr. Michael Bercik at Lancaster Orthopedic Group. To schedule your first appointment, click the  “Schedule An Appointment” link in the top right of the website or call (866) 564-1000.