Subluxation of the shoulder is a condition that can significantly affect an individual’s mobility and quality of life. It occurs when the head of the upper arm bone (humerus) is partially displaced from the shoulder socket (glenoid). This condition is less severe than a complete dislocation but can still cause pain and discomfort and require orthopedic treatment.Subluxation of the Shoulder

Dr. Michael Bercik is a board-certified orthopedic surgeon with a subspecialty in Shoulder & Elbow surgery and Orthopaedic Traumatology. His academic achievements at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School and the Rothman Institute laid a solid foundation for his distinguished career. Dr. Bercik’s expertise is enriched by international training under world-renowned surgeons, making him adept at handling complex shoulder issues like subluxation with innovative and effective techniques.

Risk Factors and Causes

Identifying and understanding the various risk factors and causes of shoulder subluxation is crucial for both prevention and effective treatment. This condition can be triggered by several factors, including:

  • Trauma or Injury: Sudden impact or force can lead to subluxation, common in sports or accidents.
  • Weakness in Shoulder Muscles: Chronic muscle weakness can make the shoulder more susceptible to subluxation.
  • Joint Laxity: Individuals with naturally loose ligaments may experience subluxation more frequently.
  • Repetitive Motion: Athletes or individuals engaging in repetitive overhead activities are at higher risk.

Symptoms of Shoulder Subluxation

Awareness of the symptoms associated with shoulder subluxation is essential for diagnosis and treatment. This condition can manifest in various ways, impacting the functionality and comfort of the shoulder.

  • Pain and Discomfort: Often felt in the upper arm and shoulder, especially when lifting or rotating the arm.
  • A Feeling of Instability: The shoulder may feel loose or like it’s about to pop out of place.
  • Reduced Range of Motion: Difficulty with certain movements due to pain or mechanical restrictions.
  • Popping or Clicking Sensations: This can occur during movement of the shoulder.

Treatment Options for Shoulder Subluxation

Dr. Bercik emphasizes a patient-specific approach to treatment, considering the severity of the subluxation, the patient’s lifestyle, and overall health.

Conservative Treatments:

  • Rest and Ice: Initially, to reduce swelling and pain.
  • Physical Therapy: To strengthen shoulder muscles and improve stability. Exercises focus on rotator cuff and scapular stabilizers.
  • Medication: Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs can help manage pain and swelling.
  • Bracing or Taping: To stabilize the shoulder during the healing process.

Surgical Options:

In cases where conservative treatments are ineffective or for recurrent subluxations, surgery may be necessary.

  • Arthroscopic Surgery: Minimally invasive procedure to repair or tighten the ligaments that support the shoulder.
  • Latarjet Procedure: A more extensive surgery is considered for severe cases or where there is bone loss from repeated dislocations.

Rehabilitation and Recovery

Rehabilitation plays a critical role in the recovery from shoulder subluxation. Dr. Bercik and his team focus on restoring function, strength, and stability to the shoulder. A tailored rehabilitation program typically includes:

  • Gradual Strengthening Exercises: Progressively challenging the shoulder muscles to build strength.
  • Range of Motion Exercises: To maintain and improve shoulder mobility.
  • Proprioceptive Training: To enhance the shoulder’s awareness of its position and movement.

Work with Dr. Bercik Today!

Subluxation of the shoulder, while typically less severe than a complete dislocation, requires careful management to prevent further injury and complications. Dr. Michael Bercik’s expertise in shoulder conditions ensures that patients at Lancaster Orthopedic Group receive the highest quality care, from accurate diagnosis to advanced treatment and personalized rehabilitation plans. Whether through conservative management or surgical intervention, Dr. Bercik’s comprehensive approach aims to restore functionality and enhance the quality of life for his patients.