Tibial Shaft (Shinbone) Fracture

Tibial Shaft (Shinbone) Fracture

The middle part of the shinbone is referred to as the “tibial shaft.” This part of the tibia is very strong and requires significant force to break. Therefore, a motor vehicle accident is the most common cause of this fracture.

There are several types of tibial shaft fractures, and they can vary in severity. Due to the force needed to break this bone, soft tissue and ligament damage can often result from this injury. Tibial shaft fractures are often treated through minimally invasive techniques and small incisions.

Tibial Shaft (Shinbone) FractureSymptoms

  • Inability to walk or bear weight through the leg
  • Swelling, bruising, or bleeding at the site of injury
  • Deformity of the lower leg
  • Numbness or tingling in the foot


Tibial shaft fractures are typically diagnosed with X-rays. This type of imaging will provide specific details regarding the type and extent of the fractured bone. Additional imaging of the ankle and knee may be needed to identify any other injury sites.


This fracture is often treated through minimally invasive surgical techniques to stabilize the bone. A metal bar (intramedullary nail) is inserted into the middle of the bone to hold it in place. This allows the tibia to heal correctly and in the proper alignment. After surgery, many patients can walk out of the hospital the same day thanks to the stability of the intramedullary nail. Once the initial stages of healing have taken place, you will work on restoring full strength and mobility through physical therapy.